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Terms and meanings

Antiviral treatment: use of medications to reduce outbreaks and symptoms of genital herpes.

Asymptomatic: a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.

Episodic therapy: taking antiviral medication only when symptoms appear.

HSV (herpes simplex virus): the virus that causes both genital herpes and oral-facial herpes, or cold sores. The two main types are HSV-1 and HSV-2.

STIs: sexually transmitted infections.

Suppressive therapy: daily treatment with antiviral medication to reduce the number and severity of genital herpes outbreaks and reduce the risk of passing on the virus to your partner.

Transmission: passing the virus on.

Viral shedding: the shedding of the virus from the skin surface, even if there are no symptoms.