Antiviral treatment: use of medications to reduce outbreaks and symptoms of genital herpes.
Asymptomatic: a patient is a carrier for a disease or infection but experiences no symptoms.
Episodic therapy: taking antiviral medication only when symptoms appear.
HSV (herpes simplex virus): the virus that causes both genital herpes and oral-facial herpes, or cold sores. The two main types are HSV-1 and HSV-2.
STIs: sexually transmitted infections.
Suppressive therapy: daily treatment with antiviral medication to reduce the number and severity of genital herpes outbreaks and reduce the risk of passing on the virus to your partner.
Transmission: passing the virus on.
Viral shedding: the shedding of the virus from the skin surface, even if there are no symptoms.